THE MILITARY AND CIVILIAN HEADGEAR OF IMPERIAL JAPAN
The Japanese employed a wide variety of headgear during World War Two. This section of the
website covers civilian and military hats and helmets of the period. Each item is photographed,
reviewed and a value is assigned to it. Some of the key elements of the headgear are discussed
Military Dress Caps
The dress cap is olive drab in color and similar in shape to that of the United States army, except that the crown
is smaller and the visor is shorter. A red piping is inserted at the outer edge of the crown and the headband is
encircled with a strip of red felt about 1 1/2 inches wide. At the front of the headband is a star, Silver for
officers and Gold for enlisted men. For officers and men of the guards division, a semi-circular wreath of leaves
is fastened just below the star. The visor and chin strap are of black leather in standard military design.
Military Field Caps
This is made of Olive drab cloth (wool or cotton) and is generally the shape of the head with a narrow visor of the
same material and a thin, leather chin strap. It has three ventilation holes on each side near the top of the crown
and a slit in the rear for adjusting size. It has a star along the front vertical seam. This cap may be worn under
An integrated design where the metal shell and liner are inseparable. Fairly rudementary design. Four small vent holes
are on top of the crown.
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